Living in Spain under a residence permit is a great opportunity for many foreigners. But it also has its disadvantages; like the need to renew every two years or the impossibility to work in any other EU country. Nevertheless, Spanish Citizenship is the solution for that.
When we refer to nationality in Spain we are talking about the legal status that those born in Spain and foreigners who meet the right requirements possess and which translates into several rights.
Among others, it grants you the possibility to live and work in any other European country apart from Spain, it enables you to vote; and most importantly: it lets you live indefinitely in the Spanish territory.
Even though the most common way of becoming a Spanish citizen is by being originally from the country, you as a foreigner can also obtain this passport. In that sense, there are 4 different ways to get Spanish citizenship. And finding the one that is right for you will be crucial.
The easiest way of getting the Spanish nationality. After 2,5 or 10 years of living in Spain with your residency permit, you can easily get Citizenship by residency.
If your parents were Spanish nationals, you can also get citizenship for yourself, as long as you meet the requirements. You or your children must be under 18 years old.
Are you the grandchildren of Spanish citizens (for example of those who got it to trough historical memory)? Then under this new law, you may be able to also apply.
If you get married to a Spanish citizen, you just need to live in Spain for one year in order to qualify for the nationality. It’s that simple! The marriage must be registered in Spain.
In order to get Spanish nationality, there are several requirements you must meet. Even though there are 4 different paths to get citizenship and each of them have its own requirements, some of them are general and those are the ones we will explore now.
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How long does it take to get your Spanish passport? After submitting your application, the government will take from 1 to 2 years after submitting a response.
Nevertheless, if you apply online, chances are that you will get a response much faster.
Once you receive your favorable resolution, however, there will still be an extra step: taking the oath of the Spanish constitution. This is something you can do before a notary, at the Spanish consulate or at the Civil Registry; and the duration of the process will depend on the availability of appointments in each of the 3 options.
The Spanish Ministry of Justice created an online platform that allows you to check the status of your citizenship application completely online and in real-time. It is called “cómo va lo mío”.
Each of the 4 types of nationalities has its own documents and requirements. Nevertheless, as a general rule, you will always need to include:
The Spanish Civil Code is the main document regulating Citizenship in the Spanish territory.
Nevertheless, recently the government approved a new law that will grant grandchildren of Spanish nationals the possibility to get citizenship themselves.
In cases where you start living in a third country, and within three years (without notifying your intention to keep your citizenship) either you only use your original nationality or you acquire a third one, you will lose your Spanish nationality.